Fibre is an essential part of a healthy balanced diet. It can be used to prevent heart disease,diabetes, gain of weight and many cancers, and leads to improve digestive tract health. It comes from various kind of plants and is not present in meat, fish or animal products (including dairy). Fibre is a modified carbohydrate (type of sugar) which couldn t be digested by the human body unlike other carbohydrates, which are broken down by the body to provide energy in the form of sugar(glucose).
Researchers from The Westmead Institute for Medical Research in Australia found that taking the right amount of fibre can assist us to remove and avoid disease and disability into aging process. They claimed that taking a diet rich in fibre, that includes breads, cereals and fruits, may assist you live a fit and longer life. The research appears in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.
Using data compiled from a study that evaluted a cohort of more than 1,600 adults aged 50 years and older for long-term sensory loss risk factors and systemic diseases, the researchers explored the relationship between carbohydrate nutrition and healthy ageing.
They found that out of all the factors they evalute – they included a person’s total carbohydrate intake, total fibre intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and sugar taking – it was the fibre that made the biggest differ to what the researchers termed “successful ageing.” Successful ageing was described as including an absence of inability, depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, respiratory symptoms and chronic diseases including cancer, coronary artery disease and stroke.
as per the Associate Professor Bamini Gopinath from the Institute’s Centre for Vision Research, the thesis is the first to look at tie up between carbohydrate intake and fitness ageing, and the results were significant prove to warrant further investigation. “Out of all the variables that we looked at, fibre intake – which is a type of carbohydrate that the body can’t digest – had the strongest influence,” she said.
“Essentially, we found that those who had the highest intake of fibre or total fibre actually had an almost 80 per cent greater likelihood of living a long and healthy life over a 10-year follow-up. “That is, they were less likely to suffer from BP, diabetes, dementia, anxiety and depression and functional disability,” said Gopinath.
where it might have been targeted that the level of sugar taking would make the biggest effect on successful ageing, Gopinath added that the type of group they examined were older adults whose intake of carbonated and sugary drinks was quite lower, researchers said.
According to Anju Sood, a bangalore-based Nutritionist, “Fibre elongates your digestion time which will further increase your metabolic rate. It also requires a lot of water to get flush out from the body. Excess of fibre is not good as it make you highly constipated. Milk is an important fibre food as it has soluble fibre.”